X-ray tomography reconstruction based on analytical methods and Deep-Learning


CEA-LIST develops the CIVA software platform, a reference for the simulation of non-destructive testing processes. In particular, it proposes tools for X-ray and tomographic inspection, which allow, for a given tomographic testing, to simulate all the radiographic projections (or sinogram) taking into account various associated physical phenomena, as well as the corresponding tomographic reconstruction. The proposed work is part of the laboratoryapos;s contribution to a European project on tomographic testing of freight containers with inspection systems using high-energy sources. The spatial constraints of the projection acquisition stage (the trucks carrying the containers pass through an inspection gantry) imply an adaptation of the geometry of the source/detector system and consequently of the corresponding reconstruction algorithm. Moreover, the system can only generate a reduced number of projections, which makes the problem ill-posed in the context of inversion. The expected contributions concern two distinct aspects of the reconstruction methodology from the acquired data. On the one hand, it is a question of adapting the analytical reconstruction methods to the specific acquisition geometry of this project, and on the other hand, to work on methods allowing to overcome the lack of information related to the limited number of radiographic projections. In this objective, supervised learning methods, more specifically by Deep-Learning, will be used both to complete the sinogram, and to reduce the reconstruction artifacts caused by the small number of projections available. A constraint of adequacy to the data and the acquisition system will also be introduced in order to generate physically coherent projections.

Docteur en traitement de données ou intelligence artificielle


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